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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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Germany itself.   A communique issued by the ' Directorate of Civil
Resistance' on June 28, 1943, ran:
" Within the scope of activities as reprisals for German bestialities in
Poland, and in particular for the murder of 189 Poles in Poznan and the
massacre of 94 prisoners in the Pawiak (a Warsaw prison) carried out on
May 8 last, at 9 p.m., on the 10th May two bombs were exploded in the
Silesian Station in Berlin and on May 12 at 9.30 p.m. one bomb exploded
in the station in Breslau. Together the two actions accounted for fifteen
Germans killed and twenty-six wounded.
The struggle going on beneath the surface in Poland was, until 1943,
known to the world mainly through information given by the German
and (until the German-Soviet war) by the Russian Press. From time to
time they would pull aside the veil of secrecy by announcing preventive
measures, resorting to threats and proclaimed death sentences, revealing
the true reason, in order to give the punishment added point. It was
not until 1943 that the Polish Government considered it useful to release
some information regarding the work of the Home Army. And by this
time the German occupants in any case had, no doubt, been able to obtain
a certain amount of information regarding the organisation and its
principles.
The Germans' Eastern front extended from Leningrad to the Crimea,
and all supplies to this front (apart from the extreme right section) had
to pass through Poland. A fact which explained the key position held by
that country and the efforts which Germany made in order to secure the
safe passage of her war transport.
The Polish Home Army hampered this transport mainly by sabotage.
A report from the Underground Authorities, quoted by Dziennik Pohki>
March 4, 1944, read:
" During the first four months of 1943, 82 trains have been derailed: in
the last four months 83 ; 558 engines were destroyed or damaged in those
first months and 2,013 in the last; 2,241 trucks destroyed in the first period,
9,980 in the latter months. 197 railway communications were disrupted
and 56 interruptions in the telecommunications have been effected in the first
four months. In the last four months of that year, six large bridges were
blown up. The troops of the Home Army encountered the Wehrmacht,
Bahnschutz and the gendarmerie on 81 occasions in the same period.
In some of these encounters the Germans were forced to use artillery, tanks
and planes.
" Because of the mass murders committed by the Germans against the
Polish people in the Kielce province in July, 1943, detachments controlled
by the * Directorate of Civil Resistance ' carried out acts of reprisal in this
area. A section of railway some ten miles in length, situated in the neigh-
bourhood where the Germans were particularly bestial in their conducts
was seized and held. In this section, two fast trains running from Warsaw
to Cracow, and one goods train in the opposite direction, were held up.
Simultaneously, station and section equipment was destroyed in ;Lsczna
and Jedrow, near Suchedniow. A fight developed, in the course of which
the enemy suffered casualties to the number of about one hundred killed
and wounded.
" On July 2,1943, a strong force attacked a train near Zagnansk (Central
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